The panel, sponsored by Boston College, was titled “Youth in Prison: The Reality of the System”. I was there to share my experiences as a teacher who worked with teenagers, some as young as fifteen, serving time in an adult county jail. I was scheduled to speak after T.J.Parsell who, when he was seventeen, served several years in an adult prison and was raped by inmates a number of times. He survived that horrific time and now as an adult shares his experiences to advocate for changes in the way the criminal justice system treats minors.

As T.J. recounted the sexual assaults he lived through I kept wondering what I could add. His experiences were so shocking, so deplorable that I wondered what more could be said.

However, as I listened, I realized there was a lot I could add. According to the Campaign for Youth Justice, inmates under eighteen make up only one percent of the prison population yet are victims in 21 percent of prison rapes. Although those statistics are high, not all young offenders are subjected to the sexual abuse that T.J. went through and that many other kids continue to endure. Yet all teenagers in adult prison live with an endless series of violations on a daily basis, violations that I could only think to describe as “everyday rapes.” I saw that my contribution to the panel was to be a witness to those everyday degradations, assaults, violations that I learned about over the ten years that I taught in prison.

There was the everyday rape of random body searches—on the block, coming back from court, before seeing family on a visit. As Marcus, a seventeen year old who never shied away from speaking his mind, put it, “Being searched by po-lice makes you feel dirty. They make you strip down, bend over, and…you know. They call it cavity search. I call it rape.”

My students lived with the everyday violation of never having any privacy when they showered, used the toilet, “went to New York” (one of their many jailhouse slang phrases for masturbating). All teenagers, whoever and wherever they are, work hard to hide their vulnerabilities especially when it comes to their bodies. In prison those vulnerabilities are even more pronounced and so covered up by tough guy bravado because these boys know that their bodies—along with so much more—are no longer their own. As they put it, that they were “state’s property.”

There was the everyday abuse of having their cells sacked by the emergency response team (ERT) on one of their random searches. I understood the need for such surprise searches. Even my students did, although they were loath to admit it. But none of us understood why a team of men in SWAT uniforms had to scream at you, throw you out of your bed, flip your mattress onto the floor, toss around the few clothes you had, then dump in a trash barrel family photos, letters, even school books that you never saw again, only to be threatened as the ERT left your cell, “We’ll get you next time.”

And “next time” might mean the everyday assault of being thrown into solitary confinement because you finally couldn’t hold in your rage anymore at such arbitrary, senseless humiliation and started to mouth off the way only angry, hurt teenage boys can. There, in total isolation, was the endless everyday rape of losing contact with humanity until you lost contact with your own humanity and found yourself participating in your own everyday rape—not showering or brushing your teeth for weeks; sleeping twelve, fifteen hours a day; and when you were awake, screaming, shouting, howling just to let the world—and yourself—know that you’re still there (sort of), doing anything to fight off that final everyday rape of extinction, of disappearing.

Even if a kid can hold it all in, follow the rules, keep his head down, there was the everyday indignity of eating food that poisoned a growing body; of living in an overcrowded, noisy and smelly block, with the constant threat of violence, intimidation and extortion; of being forced to pay extortionist prices for food sold in the prison commissary; of not getting decent health care, or any health care at all, because the gold standard was to save the county money.

The “reality of the system” is a brutal one. The Federal government has finally acknowledged that young offenders must be protected from prison sexual violence. The “Youthful Inmate Standard” regulations established by the Prison Rape Elimination Act require all prisons, jails, lock ups, and detention facilities to provide “sight and sound separation between youth and adults while restricting the use of solitary confinement and isolation practices.”

But these regulations are only a first step in solving how young people are treated in the criminal justice system. If we really want to protect them from the full assault of prison culture—the everyday rapes that have devastating effects long into adulthood—then we must get these children out of the penal system altogether, a system that was never intended to handle young offenders, and place them in environments that are designed to rebuild and to create new lives.

Originally appeared on Juvenile Justice Information Exchange

  1. Jeff Nguyen says:

    It is hard to believe that an article such as this was written in 2013. We have gone to the moon and back, conquered disease and famine, yet we incarcerate children. The system is brutal and mainstream society has to dispel any notions that it’s purpose is rehabilitation and not punishment that often is both cruel and unusual. Couple these conditions you describe with the privatization of prisons wherein now corporate interests can reap profits off of widespread human misery. Sometimes, it’s hard to tell if as a society we are progressing or regressing. Thank you David for doing what you do.

  2. David Chura says:

    You’re so right. There is a total disconnect in society between “citizens” and “inmates”, as though people locked up are not also citizens, not also members of the same communities as the rest of us, that kids in jail are suddenly no longer children but some alien species. That disconnect makes people feel better because then they are not responsible for the brutality and injustices that go on in jails. Somebody else is doing the mistreatment. The only hope, I think, is getting the word out, and out, and out, and out…until people have to make a conscious decision to ignore these injustices.

  3. waltchura says:

    whereare the share buttons for Facebook and Twitter?

  4. I enjoyed reading the truth because that’s what you are speaking is the truth. I agree with David the word needs to get out more and more because we as people have lost focused to what’s really going on with our children, It’s because we as parents have lost focus on our responsibilities. We don’t want to get our hands dirty anymore with “these kids” because our work ethics and our meanings of life has overtaken us as parents. For we have to take back the responsibility some kind of way, and sooner than later because our future is being held hostage by the system, especially our young men that were predestined to lead and guide our families as healthy as possible. But because there is so much separation in parenting, is to why our kids are going astray. We got to take back the love of wanting to make sure what GOD gave us be saved from the evil things of this world, to be brought up as young men and women should.And the nation needs the love for the children again that we may come together as a nation and help save our children; one by one and name by name

    • David Chura says:

      Thanks for your thoughtful comments. I agree that parents are an important part of the equation when it comes to keeping kids out of the criminal justice system. However I think it’s also important for us to remember that in many cases parents are struggling with their own problems and limitations caused by society’s lack of support such as inadequate health care, education, job training, substance treatment. As you say we must come together as a NATION and do what needs doing.

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